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This guide is basically for aspiring business owners especially the group interested in the printing business, and we have been discussing the printing press business in Nigeria, about all the things you need to know about the industry, to read this, you can check it out here https://mobizone.ng/introduction-ultimate-guide-starting-printing-press-business-nigeria/

We also talked about the machinery you need to work in the printing press business, you can see that at https://mobizone.ng/ultimate-guide-starting-printing-business-nigeria-part-2-important-machines-cannot-without/

When it comes to the printing business in Nigeria, designing is actually not the designing aspect but the printing aspect. You need to know everything necessary before you go ahead to print, this article will help you through the whole process.

Step One

Get your design ready and good to go, depending on the size of the flyer you want to use arrange, but I will advise you to arrange your design on A6, this will cut your printing cost to a large extent.

Types Of Papers That You Can Use For Your Print Out

Uncoated Stock

This is a paper that has no coated pigment applied to reduce the absorbency or increase the smoothness. The uncoated finishes can be described as vellum, antique, wove, or smooth.

Coated Stock

This paper has a surface coating this was added to make the surface more receptive for reproduction of text and images in order to achieve sharper detail and improved color density.

Coated paper finishes can be categorized as matte, dull, cast, gloss, and high gloss. The coating can be on both sides of the stock (coated two sides) or on one side only (coated one side). From these subcategories, paper stocks are then separated into types such as offset, bond, cover, index, and vellum bristol.

Step Two

The next step is to pick the right paper for the kind of print you want, the kind of paper you will use for an ordinary flyer is different from the one you will use for a business card or any other thing.

The paper you can use is divided into 2 categories, which is the art card and the art paper.

Art paper

This is the most popular paper in the industry used for a lot of prints, it can be used to print flyers, posters, and magazines.

They are high-quality papers coated elaborately on both sides for prestigious, color printing products. They have an even and smooth surface. These papers are available with matt, semi-matt, and glossy qualities. Pictures of the highest halftone grades can be reproduced in letter-press offset.

Illustration printing papers are coated, often also calendared (a process to make the paper smooth and glossy by running the paper through what essentially are polished steel rollers) and available in various quantities. Cast-coated papers (which can be identified by its high-gloss, mirror-like finish and superior smooth surface) and cards are especially glossy.

There are also other varieties of paper, such as board, cardboard, varieties of hardboard (used for book covers) and special papers such as, parchment papers, carbon-copy, WP papers (made out of 100% waste papers), and fine papers (which are usually the best quality paper).

Fine papers often have watermarks and are very firm on the surface with even opacity which leads to a very good quality printing. High-gloss papers are cast-coated but not calendared. Chromium papers (most suitable for offset printing) have watertight coating.

Colored papers are tinted, varnished and patterned. Vat papers are handmade papers with a typically uneven edge. Japan papers – also called “washi” (literally means Japan=’wa’ paper=’shi’) which are made from native Japanese plants such as kozo, mitsumata, gampi and kuwakawa and are most commonly used in printmaking.

Questions To Ask When Choosing A Paper

  • What effect is intended?
  • How is the paper to be used?
  • How long does the paper have to last?
  • How much can the paper cost?
  • What printing process is to be used?
  • How is the printing product to be handled afterward?

The answer to these questions will give you the idea you need.

Papers Sizes

A6 is half of A5

A5 is half of A4

A4 is half of A3

A3 is half of A2

A2 is half of A1

Step 3

Printing

You can either print with a Kord machine (Old) or D.I(direct Image)(new). The two types of machines are nice to use but they have their own limitations. for example, you can only print Up to the size of A3 on D.I. and it also has some margin limitations. but for the Older machine; Kord you can print A2 and A1.

Practical Printing Cost With D.I

MOST DI PRINTING PRESS CHARGES AS BELOW

A4 (250gm Art card) = (N45-N50)

A4(400-300gm Art card)=(N80-N100)

A4 (250gm Art paper) =(N45-N50)

A3(Art paper) =(N40 -N45)

A3(Art care 250gm) = (N40-N45)

A3(Art care 300-400gm) = (N50-N60)

Note: These prices are subject to changes

Therefore, when you want to print you need to calculate what you are going to get on each sheet(paper), for example if you want to print a flyer with size A5 and you want to print it on an A3 format, you will be able to get four on each A3 sheet print out.

Therefore if you can print your A3 for around 50 naira, you will have to print four of your designs for 50 naira, if you want to print 40 then that means you will spend around 400 naira, and it goes on and on like that.

Printing With Kord

You will need to do

  • Separation and film production
  • Plating
  • Impression

You need to take your design for film and separation, and this also depends on the colour of your work, where single colour or two or more colour. You will need a plate where your image will be placed, it is the plate that will be used on the Kord machine.

Conclusion

Get started today, try something out and get back to me on the success.

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