Catfish farming comprises of two most imperative composes, which could either be worked independently or as an incorporated procedure. The two divisions are the Nursery Fish farming and the Grow Out Fish Farming. The develop out fish farming is needy of the nursery fish farming since you can’t develop fish without the nursery.
The nursery includes the incitement of the female fish to lay eggs, which are then prepared, brooded and brought forth. Those little fishes are know as fries. These fries are then supported from in the vicinity of three and a month into fingerlings which is the size reasonable for use in the Grow Out farming. A catfish farming is a noteworthy venture task. Thus beginning one needs watchful thought.
In the middle of the nursery and develop out task is the thing that we alluded to as the essential activity. It includes the supporting of the three or a month inside which they could develop into post fingerlings, smaller than expected adolescents and adolescents separately. These would then be able to be sustained for between four to five month into become out or table size fish appropriate available to be purchased and utilization. Going into catfish farming includes the accompanying
Step 1: Land For Catfish Farming
This is very important. One has to acquire at least half plot of land in a suitable location. This means, you must consider good access road, closeness to market and labor. If the land is already available, it is good. Then we apportion it as follows:
1. Location of ponds
2. Location of farm house
3. Location of water supply and lastly, location of drainage facility. The last point is very important, as you don’t drain your water to constitute public nuisance.
Step 2: Pond Planning
You need to determine whether you want to go into big or small-scale commercial catfish farming. Secondly, the pond system to adopt, Re-circulatory system, earthen pond or concrete/plastic pond or both.
Once the pond was dug and the area has been developed, there is nothing you can do to undo the work and recover the cost. So, extensive evaluation must be done by someone planning to start a catfish farming before he finally decides whether it is wise for him to pursue the particular type of pond construction project.
Where should the pond be located? Does the site have enough supply of quality water (from wells or springs)? There are minimum water flow rate requirement in building a pond for a catfish. Will the source meet them? Employ professionals to test whether the water supply volume and flow rate meets standard requirement. Is the water supply suitable for catfish farming? Try growing a few catfish using water taken from the target source. Is the area suitable for pond construction in terms of soil composition and permeability?
Ideal soil for pond construction is one with good compaction property. One resource you can run to check on this is your local soil management office. Catfish farming will require some water movement. Will you be able to obtain permits and other necessary licenses for the operation?
Step 3: Water Supply Source
The best water for catfish farming is from bore hole. One or two must be sunk to guarantee steady water supply. Overhead tanks for holding water should also be installed. The mechanism of pumping of water must be back up facility. The system must not fail.
Step 4: Pond Construction
It is advisable to engage the service of a consultant. The success or failure of this project depends largely on construction of standard ponds that can stand the test of time.
Pond Design And Construction
One major consideration in designing a pond for catfish production is the flatness or steepness of the area and the source of water supply. For a generally flat area that has access to a well, a levee pond could be built. Watershed ponds are built for steeper areas near a natural source of water. The depth of the pond is also crucial as this influences the availability of oxygen for the fish. And so is the amount of fish per surface acre of water. Check catfish growing manuals for standards to adhere to.
For one to get the most profit for a catfish harvest, it is necessary to determine buyer requirements when planning the season’s production. Consider what buyers demand in terms of weight, frequency, size and price. One can sell the season’s harvest to fish processors or directly to consumers. The later results to greater return to the farmer.